Understanding the Prostate

The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system (it produces seminal fluid). Usually, the prostate is about the size and shape of a walnut, and sits around the urethra (the tube that takes urine from the bladder to the penis), below the bladder, just in front of the rectum. 

When it comes to the prostate, it's important to tell your doctor if you have difficulty peeing, waking up in the night to go to the toilet, if you have pain/burning, pain when ejaculating, blood in the urine, etc.

Articles on benign prostate, conditions and treatments

Articles on the prostate, conditions and treatments

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Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive treatment for prostate cancer. Instead of the conventional incision below the bellybutton as used for an open radical prostatectomy, the surgery is done viaRead more


A PSMA PET scan is a full body scan designed to detect any spread of prostate cancer.  It is commonly used as a diagnostic test in men who have high grade prostate cancer, where radical treatmentRead more

Open Radical Prostatectomy

This is a procedure carried out in an effort to cure prostate cancer. The entire prostate gland is removed (as opposed to a laser operation (HoLEP) where just the middle part of the prostate isRead more

Exercise and Prostate Cancer

Exercise is good for everyone, but it's especially important for men with prostate cancer. It helps you regain muscle mass after treatment for prostate cancer, making you stronger and helps combatRead more

Prostate Cancer Overview

This information aims to help you understand your possible options. Usually there will be several appropriate options to choose from but they become more limited the more aggressive the disease. ThisRead more

Transrectal Prostate Biopsy

If you have an elevated PSA or a lump on your prostate, this procedure could help determine if you have prostate cancer or not. (Just because you have an elevated PSA does not mean you necessarily haRead more

Transperineal Prostate Biopsy

Biopsies of the prostate are performed to investigate a raised PSA, or a palpable abnormality in the prostate. Transperineal biopsy differs from transrectal prostate biopsy as it is done underRead more

PSA and Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and Bay Urology have a great deal of experience in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Having a PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) blood testRead more

MRI of the prostate

MRI has overtaken trans-rectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, which was the mainstay of diagnosis in the past. The benefits of MRI are that it is non-invasive and highly accurate at detecting prostateRead more

What is PSA?

PSA is an enzyme produced by the prostate which is important for fertility. It is normal to have small amounts of PSA in the blood stream. Higher levels of PSA in the blood may be an indication ofRead more

PSA Test

PSA testing is a little controversial. Not all men who have an elevated PSA have prostate cancer and not all men with prostate cancer need treatment. In general, however, a young, otherwise healthy Read more

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